KARL JASPERS FORUM
TA 100 (Smith)
Commentary 1 (re. Exhibit 4 on p.78 of TA100)
THE EXPLANATION OF THE PICTURES PRESENTING THE CONFLICT CAUSED BY CROSSING A BRIDGE
by Liu Zhida
12 December 2007, posted 22 December 2007
There’re mainly three types of animals in the pictures. They’re wolves, rabbits and bears.
Here the wolf can represent the Earth or a specific subject (self) while the rabbit can be viewed as the moon, an outside relative object or a lower level. And the bear also can refer to the sun, an outside relative subject or a higher level.
The special subject (the wolf) can, in terms of a higher level, be considered inwardly as human beings, states, a specific person or any other subjects. On contrary, the outside relative subject (the bear) or the outside relative object (the rabbit) can mean outward subjects of different sizes in conflicts of a lower level.
In the first picture, the special subject overpowers the relatively weak outside relative object, which is showed in the conflict involving the bridge.
The same situation occurred in the second picture, revealing that the main concern of the subject is itself.
In the third picture, the special subject (self) marches across the bridge, the cause of the conflict. It indicates the imbalance between the special subject and the outside relative object.
In the forth picture, the specific subject is in a state of degradation, as it encounters the strong outside relative subject.
In the fifth picture, the outside relative subject doesn’t behave arrogantly as the specific one did before, instead, embodies justness and solves the conflict. This is the turning point.
In the sixth picture, the specific subject is moved and understands the benefit brought by the elimination of the conflict; therefore, it puts what it has learnt into practice from then on whenever it comes across any similar conflicts.
This is a typical example showing how to solve a specific problem between different subjects. The key is to convert.
Therefore, the nature is intact inwardly when the subjects of the body and mind are combined together. However, these two can be separated, which is the foundation of the conversion of the mind’s subject.
When the specific subject comes across the outside relative one, it not only focuses its attention on the outside relative subject, but also separates its thoughts from its body and combines it with the outside relative subject that reflects any subjects of any levels. After the combination, it turns its attention back to itself and observes its body from a different angle.
Therefore, since human beings live on the earth, the subject of the body is fixed, but the mind’s can ascend to a higher level. On such a level the mind can think over the body from a new perspective.
The similar situation happens when the specific subject confronts the outside relative object. In this case, the main body observes itself from a lower level after its combination with the object.
So it can be concluded that the mind can descends to a lower level and observes its own body from a new point of view.
In the situation mentioned above, the sun (the bear) and moon (the rabbit) are in one outside environment, a common environment. However, they also have different specific surroundings. The common one restrains the individual specific ones, that is to say, the common environment is the basis of the conversion of the subject and the specific environments are ignored.
When such explanation is applied to handle any subjects in daily life, a progress will be made in terms of the specific relationship between the subjects. This shows Jean Piaget’s idea, “holism, conversion and self-adjusting”.
The Duel Cognition of Human Beings’ Brains-Relativity, One article of my, presenting the ideas mentioned above, was published on Gansu Social Science (Chinese version), Issue 1, 1996.